Organic waste management

Organic waste constitutes over 60% of the municipal solid waste in India and due to favorable climatic conditions for decomposition, it gets putrified quickly. This category of waste can be treated with aerobically or anaerobically. Aerobic treatment involves controlled degradation of organic substance resulting in compost as a by-product that can be used as a fertilizer. Anaerobic treatment is the conversion of organic matter into gaseous products such as methane and carbon-di-oxide mixture known as Biogas. This can be used as a replacement for cooking fuel or converted to electricity.